Table of Contents
Paths and Comments in Bash
A path to a file is to determine the unique location of a file or directory in an OS filesystem. You can travel or change the location of the current directory through a terminal or command line.
In file system, there are two types of paths by which you can locate the directory or a file.
- Absolute Path
- Relative Path
An Absolute Path is the full path of the file or directory from root to the file. An Absolute path of any directory always starts with a slash (/) representing the directory root.
Now if you are in the some directory
x and you want to determine the absolute path of that you just run
pwd command which is stands for Print work directory. It gives you the absolute path of the current directory as shown below-
The Relative Path of a file is its location relative to the current working directory. It never starts with a slash (/) or root. It begins with the current work directory.
cd .refers to the currect directory
cd ..moves the directory back one directory
cd ~this send you to the /root directory
cd ../..this sends you the back by two directory
pwdprints the absolute path of the current directory
It does not matter which language you are using comments are one of the essential things. In our case, you can also create comments in the bash. There are two types of comments-
- Single Line Comments
- Multiline Comments
To write single line comment in bash, we have to use hash
# symbol at the starting of the comment. Following is an example of Bash Script which contains single-line comments in between commands:
# !/bin/bash # This is a single-line comment in Bash Script. echo "hello world" # echo output, its also a single line comment echo "hiii, good morning" # This is another single line comment
In bash there are two ways to write multiline comments. You can use any of them according to your preference.
#!/bin/bash <<COMMENTS This is the first comment This is the second comment This is the example of multiline comments This is not going to print on screen COMMENTS echo "Hello World"
#!/bin/bash :' This is the first comment This is the second comment This is also the example of multiline comments ' echo "Hello World"
In this article I've discussed about the Absolute and Relative paths and how you can use them and also how you can write the Single and Multiline comments in the bash script.
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